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Operating Results

Aeroflot Group’s operational results
Item 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
TOTAL FLIGHTS     
Passenger traffic, million PAX 27.5 31.4 34.7 39.4 43.4
change, % 67.6 14.3 10.7 13.4 10.3
Passenger turnover, billion RPK 74.6 85.3 90.1 97.6 112.1
change, % 61.9 14.3 5.6 8.4 14.8
Available seat-kilometres, billion ASK 95.6 109.1 115.8 124.7 137.7
change, % 59.3 14.1 6.2 7.7 10.4
Passenger load factor, % 78.1 78.2 77.8 78.3 81.4
change, p.p. 1.3 0.1 (0.4) 0.5 3.1
Cargo and mail, thousand tonnes 223.8 204.6 166.3 156.3 205.8
change, % 32.8 (8.6) (18.7) (6.0) 31.6
Flights, thousand 241.8 264.9 286.7 323.8 331.9
change, % 18.1 9.5 8.2 13.0 2.5
Stage length, km 2,716 2,717 2.593 2,479 2,581
change, % (3.4) 0.0 (4.5) (4.4) 4.1
DOMESTIC FLIGHTS     
Passenger traffic, million PAX 11.5 14.0 17.6 23.4 25.1
change, % 65.3 21.6 26.0 32.5 7.6
Passenger turnover, billion RPK 24.3 29.2 35.0 44.7 48.7
change, % 57.0 19.8 19.9 27.8 8.9
Available seat-kilometres, billion ASK 31.7 37.6 43.6 56.3 58.3
change, % 59.2 18.2 16.2 29.0 3.7
Passenger load factor, % 76.7 77.7 80.2 79.4 83.5
change, p.p. (1.0) 1.0 2.5 (0.8) 4.1
Cargo and mail, thousand tonnes 70.7 82.8 82.0 79.1 107.8
change, % 50.4 17.1 (0.9) (3.4) 36.2
Flights, thousand 112.7 127.8 151.0 195.0 196.0
change, % 19.2 13.4 18,2 29,2 0.5
Stage length, km 2,115 2,083 1,982 1,912 1,935
change, % (5.0) (1.5) (4.8) (3.5) 1.2
INTERNATIONAL FLIGHTS     
Passenger traffic, million PAX 16.0 17.4 17.1 16.0 18.3
change, % 69.3 8.9 (1.7) (6.2) 14.1
Passenger turnover, billion RPK 50.3 56.1 55.1 52.9 63.4
change, % 64.4 11.6 (1.8) (3.9) 19.8
Available seat-kilometres, billion ASK 63.9 71.5 72.2 68.5 79.4
change, % 59.4 12.0 1.0 (5.2) 15.8
Passenger load factor, % 78.7 78.4 76.3 77.3 80.0
change, p.p. 2.4 (0.3) (2.1) 1.0 2.7
Cargo and mail, thousand tonnes 153.1 121.8 84.3 77.2 98.0
change, % 26.1 (20.5) (30.8) (8.5) 27.0
Flights, thousand 129.1 137.1 135.7 128.8 135.9
change, % 17.1 6.2 (1.0) (5.1) 5.5
Stage length, km 3,150 3,226 3,223 3,304 3,468
change, % (2.9) 2.4 (0.1) 2.5 5.0

Aeroflot Group

In 2016, Aeroflot Group significantly improved its operational performance on key metrics, despite an overall decline in the Russian air transportation market.

During the year, Aeroflot Group carried a total of 43.4 million passengers (up 10.3% y-o-y) making 331,853 scheduled and charter flights. The Group’s turnover grew 14.8% to 112.1 billion revenue passengerkilometres (RPK). On the back of 10.4% capacity growth to 137.7 billion available seat-kilometres (ASK) passenger load factor increased by 3.1 p.p. to 81.4%.

Aeroflot Group’s passenger traffic
MILLION PAX

Aeroflot Group’s passenger turnover and passenger load factor
BILLION RPK AND %

Aeroflot Group’s passenger turnover and
passenger load factor<br /><span>BILLION RPK AND %</span>

Aeroflot Group’s operational performance by region (scheduled and charter flights)

Region Passenger traffic,
million PAX
Passenger turnover,
billion RPK
Available seat-kilometres,
billion ASK
Passenger load factor, %
2015 2016 change, % 2015 2016 change, % 2015 2016 change, % 2015 2016change, %
Russia 23.3 24.7 6.0 44.6 47.9 7.4 56.1 57.5 2.4 79.5 83.4 3.9
Europe 7.9 9.0 13.9 17.5 20.1 14.9 23.6 26.5 12.4 74.0 75.6 1.6
Asia 2.7 3.1 14.5 17.5 19.8 13.1 22.3 24.8 11.4 78.7 79.9 1.2
CIS 2.5 2.4 (4.4) 4.7 5.4 14.6 6.1 6.6 8.2 77.7 82.2 4.5
Middle East 1.6 1.5 (7.7) 4.7 4.6 (2.4) 6.2 6.0 (4.5) 76.0 77.7 1.7
Americas 0.8 0.9 15.2 6.8 7.9 16.0 8.2 9.3 12.7 82.5 84.9 2.4
Scheduled flights 38.9 41.7 7.1 95.9 105.7 10.3 122.6 130.6 6.6 78.2 80.9 2.7
Charter flights 0.5 1.8 245.2 1.7 6.4 265.1 2.2 7.0 223.8 80.8 91.1 10.3
Total flights 39.4 43.4 10.3 97.6 112.1 14.8 124.7 137,7 10,4 78.3 81,4 3,1

Domestic flights

In the reporting year, Aeroflot Group’s total domestic passenger traffic (including scheduled and charter flights) increased by 7.6% y-o-y to 25.1 million passengers. Domestic flights accounted for 57.9% of the total carried passengers.

Domestic passenger turnover grew 8.9% to 48.7 billion RPK, with capacity growing by 3.7% to 58.3 billion ASK. The passenger load factor was 83.5%, up 4.1 p.p. y-o-y.

Such performance improvements were associated with persistently strong demand for domestic services (including domestic tourism), which allowed the Group to increase its flight frequency on the most popular routes and to launch new routes. A 40.8% share of total growth in domestic passenger traffic of the Group was driven by Pobeda airline.

Aeroflot Group’s 2016 passenger traffic breakdown by airline

Aeroflot Group’s 2016 passenger traffic breakdown by destination

International flights

In the reporting year, Aeroflot Group’s international passenger traffic increased by 14.1% y-o-y to 18.3 million passengers. International flights accounted for 42.1% of the total carried passengers.

Passenger turnover grew 19.8% to 63.4 billion RPK, with capacity growing by 15.8% to 79.4 billion ASK. The passenger load factor was 80.0%, up 2.7 p.p. y-o-y.

Macroeconomic stabilisation, higher flight frequency, the launch of new flights based on obtained permits to operate to international destinations, the development of Pobeda’s international network, and the re-launch of Rossiya’s charter programme had a positive effect on the performance in the international segment.

Scheduled passenger traffic on European routes (the Group’s second largest business segment) grew by 13.9% to 9.0 million passengers, driven by the higher frequency of flights to most popular destinations based on obtained permits (London, Rome, Milan), and by the newly launched flights to new destinations (Valencia, Alicante, Lyon). Another factor contributing to the passenger traffic growth on European routes was the reduction in the frequencies of services operated by foreign carriers to Russia.

Aeroflot Group continued to focus on Asian destinations, where the number of passengers carried on scheduled flights grew by 14.5% to 3.1 million passengers. Another major contributing factor was stronger passenger traffic from destinations in China, driven, among other factors, by the higher frequency of flights to Beijing.

In 2016, traffic to the CIS and the Middle East was impacted by the ban on flights to Ukraine, suspension of flights to Egypt and reduced frequency of flights to Turkey (due to overall declines in demand and restrictions on charter flights) in Q4 2015. The number of passengers carried on scheduled flights within the CIS decreased by 4.4%. At the same time, the results of operations in the CIS region were supported by the launch of new flights to six destinations in Kazakhstan and higher demand for leisure flights to Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia. Scheduled passenger traffic in the Middle East decreased by 7.7% to 1.5 million passengers. The higher frequency of flights to Tel-Aviv (a market with significant potential for leisure and transit traffic) helped partially offset the decline in passenger traffic to Istanbul and Antalya.

The number of passengers carried on scheduled flights to North and Central America increased by 15.2% to 0.9 million passengers, due to increased frequency of flights to Cuba and a higher demand for flights to the USA, driven, among other things, by transit passenger traffic.

Aeroflot Airline

In 2016, Aeroflot airline carried a total of 29.0 million passengers, up 11.0% y-o-y. The airline’s passenger turnover grew 11.6% to 82.7 billion RPK, with capacity growing by 8.9% to 101.8 billion ASK. The passenger load factor was 81.3%, up 2.0 p.p. y-o-y.

Aeroflot airline’s passenger traffic
MILLION PAX

Aeroflot airline’s passenger turnover and passenger load factor
BILLION RPK AND %

Aeroflot airline’s passenger turnover and
passenger load factor<br /><span>BILLION RPK AND %</span>

Aeroflot airline’s operating performance by region (scheduled and charter flights)

Passenger traffic,
million PAX
Passenger turnover,
billion RPK
Available seat-kilometres,
billion ASK
Passenger load factor, %
2015 2016 change, % 2015 2016 change, % 2015 2016 change, % 2015 2016change, p.p.
Russia 12.7 14.1 11.3 27.3 29.4 7.4 33.3 34.4 3.3 82.2 85.4 3.2
Europe 7.0 7.7 10.5 15.4 17.3 11.8 20.9 22.9 9.6 74.0 75.4 1.4
Asia 2.5 2.8 12.8 17.2 19.3 12.7 21.6 24.1 11.4 79.3 80.2 0.9
CIS 1.9 2.1 14.1 3.3 4.7 39.8 4.2 5.7 33.9 79.0 82.5 3.5
Middle East 1.4 1.4 (0.3) 4.0 4.1 3.5 5.2 5.4 3.1 77.1 77.4 0.3
Americas 0.8 0.9 15.7 6.8 7.9 16.0 8.2 9.3 12.7 82.5 84.9 2.4
Scheduled flights 26.1 29.0 11.0 74.1 82.7 11.6 93.4 101.7 8.8 79.3 81.3 2.0
Charter flights 0.01 0.01 - 0.01 0.03 - 0.03 0.08 - - - -
Total flights 26.1 29.0 11.0 74.1 82.7 11.6 93.5 101.8 8.9 79.3 81.3 2.0

Domestic flights

In 2016, the total number of passengers carried by Aeroflot airline on domestic routes increased by 11.4% y-o-y to 14.1 million. Passenger turnover grew 7.4% to 29.4 billion RPK, with capacity growing by 3.3% to 34.4 billion ASK. The passenger load factor increased by 3.2 p.p. to 85.4%. Domestic flights accounted for 48.7% of Aeroflot airline’s total passenger traffic.

International flights

In 2016, the total number of passengers carried by Aeroflot airline on international routes increased by 10.6% y-o-y to 14.9 million. Passenger turnover grew 14.0% to 53.3 billion RPK, with capacity growing by 11.9% to 67.4 billion ASK. The passenger load factor increased by 1.5 p.p. to 79.2%. International flights accounted for 51.3% of Aeroflot airline’s total passenger traffic.

Aeroflot airline’s operating results by region are explained by the factors affecting the Group’s overall performance mentioned above.

Aeroflot airline’s 2016 passenger traffic breakdown by destination

Subsidiary Airlines

In the reporting year, the total passenger traffic of subsidiary airlines (Rossiya, Pobeda, Aurora) was 14.5 million passengers, accounting for 33.3% of the total number of passengers carried by Aeroflot Group in 2016.

The growth in subsidiaries’ passenger traffic is primarily driven by the development of Pobeda airline. Subsidiaries are focused on domestic routes, which account for 76.4% of their total passenger traffic. The share of international traffic is 23.6%, with more than half of it generated by Rossiya airline.

Subsidiaries’ 2016 passenger traffic breakdown1

Subsidiaries’ 2016 passenger traffic breakdown<sup>1</sup>

Subsidiaries’ passenger traffic1MILLION PAX.

1 Data on Rossiya airline for 2016 includes flights of Orenair and Donavia prior to their integration into Rossiya airline.

Cargo and Mail Operations

Aeroflot Group does not have dedicated cargo fleet and exploits belly cargo model for cargo and mail transportation. In 2016, Aeroflot Group carried 205.8 thousand tonnes of cargo and mail, up 31.6% y-o-y.

In the reporting period, the cargo/mail tonnekilometres (TKM) increased by 16.5% to 11.0 billion, while the revenue load factor went up by 3.0 p.p. to 65.7%.

The growth in cargo and mail operations is associated with the expansion of the wide-body aircraft fleet, including Transaero’s Boeing 747 and Boeing 777 aircraft added to the Group’s fleet.

In 2016, Aeroflot airline carried 175.5 thousand tonnes of cargo and mail, up 29.9% y-o-y. The cargo/mail tonne-kilometres increased by 13.2% to 8.3 billion, while the revenue load factor grew by 2.7 p.p. y-o-y to 65.0%.

Aeroflot Group’s cargo and mail operations
THOUSAND TONNES

Aeroflot Group’s revenue tonnekilometres and revenue load factor
BILLION TKM AND %

Aeroflot Group’s revenue tonnekilometres
and revenue load factor<br /><span>BILLION TKM AND %</span>

Aeroflot airline’s cargo and mail operations
THOUSAND TONNES

Aeroflot airline’s revenue tonnekilometres and revenue load factor
BILLION TKM AND %

Aeroflot airline’s revenue tonnekilometres
and revenue load factor<br /><span>BILLION TKM AND %</span>